Alabama is a southeastern U.S. state that’s known for its Southern hospitality, it’s sweet tea, it’s music, and its football (especially the fierce rivalry between the Auburn Tigers and the Alabama Crimson Tide).
The state is also home to significant landmarks from the American Civil Rights Movement. The city of Birmingham’s 16th Street Baptist Church, now a museum, was a protest headquarters in the 1960s. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s church and the Rosa Parks Museum, dedicated to the famous activist, can be found in the capital of Montgomery.
The First Europeans to Arrive Were From Spain
The first Europeans to visit the area were Spanish explorers arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519. In 1540, the territory was visited by explorer Hernando de Soto. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702.
The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. Spain gave up its claim to the territory after the war of 1812, and Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819.
Many Famous People Were Born in Alabama
Quite a few famous people have been born in Alabama. Two of the greatest baseball players of all time, Hank Aaron and Willie Mays were born there. And the man who is considered he greatest country music singer of all time, Hank Williams Sr., was born there, too.
Rosa Parks was a native Alabamian, as was Helen Keller. Helen Keller couldn’t see and couldn’t hear, but with the help of a homeschool teacher named Anne Sullivan, Helen overcame her physical challenges, earned a college degree, became an author, a public speaker, and one of the most admired women of the 20th century.
Helen Keller said, “When we do our best, we never know what miracles await.” And she was right. So whether you’re doing schoolwork or anything else that deserves your full attention, it pays to do your best. Because when you work hard, who knows? The next big miracle may be yours.
Fact #1: In 1955, Rosa Park’s refusal to change seats on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus began the Montgomery Bus Boycott, one of the landmarks in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Fact #2: The Boll Weevil Monument in Enterprise, Alabama may be the world’s only monument dedicated to an insect pest.
Fact #3: Huntsville, Alabama is known as the Rocket Capital of the World and is home of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.
Fact #4: In 1886 the world’s first electric trolley system was introduced in Montgomery, Alabama.
Fact #5: The capital of Alabama is Montgomery. In addition to Birmingham, other large cities in the state are Huntsville, Mobile, and Tuscaloosa.
Just for fun, see if you can answer these questions.
What is the capital of Alabama? Is it Montgomery, Birmingham, or Mobile?
Montgomery is the capital of Alabama.
Is Huntsville, Alabama famous for it's football, its sweet tea, it's music, or its rockets??
Huntsville is called “Rocket City” and “The Rocket Capital of the World” because it is home to the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.
Which of these Alabama natives is generall considered to be the greatest country music performer of all time? Was it Hank Williams, Sr., Willie Mays, or Hank Aaron?
The correct answer is Hank Williams. Mays and Aaron, were among the greatest baseball players of all time.
Did Rosa Parks become famous for a bus ride, a plane ride, a car ride, a trolley ride, or a train ride?
Her famous bus ride marked an important beginning for the Civil Rights Movement in America.
If you have time, you can write a story of your own.
Here are a couple of story ideas you can choose from.
Idea #1: You can write a story about three interesting things you learned about Alabama.
Idea #2: Pick a famous person who was born in Alabama, and think of one question you’d like to ask that person. The imagine what the answer would be, and write about it.
To help you write a great story, we have some helpful hints and timely tips.
Check out “10 Tips for Writing Better Essays.”
Here's a riddle for you:
Why is Alabama the smartest state?
Because it’s got four A’s and only one B.